The perceptions and practices of ethical leadership in Western countries are complex. Using data from a study conducted by the Center for Research on Values and Leadership at Stanford University, we found that individuals in the United States and Britain have a wide range of values and attitudes. Yet, these values and attitudes may not always translate into a range of action. We examined how a value-action gap exists between individual values and collective outcomes.
The relationship between ethical leadership and organizational performance has been an area of great interest. Although most previous studies have focused on Western countries, it has become clear that this relationship is not exclusive to this continent. Indeed, several scholars have called for further research on the topic. This study is an attempt to identify cross-cultural commonalities. It employs a mixed methodology and uses both qualitative and quantitative data. In particular, the study aims to establish a link between ethical leadership and task performance.
Ethical leadership is characterized by honesty, concern for the welfare of others, and concern for responsibility. Some of these characteristics are also associated with the concept of procedural justice, which mediates the effect of ethical leadership on employee performance.
A key implication of this study is the importance of a holistic perspective. Identifying the underlying causes of the inconsistency can help leaders find ways to eliminate the problem. Moreover, this study has provided a theoretical contribution that is essential to the ongoing discussion of the relationship between ethical leadership and POP.
There have been many empirical studies that emphasize the positive impact of ethical leadership on organizational performance. However, few have examined the negative antecedents of the phenomenon. Using a combination of methods, this study focuses on the negative antecedents of ethical leadership and its relationship to organizational performance.
While previous studies have investigated the link between ethical leadership and POP in different cultures, little has been known about the relationship between organizational justice and its impact on employees’ POP. Several mediator variables could be considered for future research.
Perceptions of organizational justice, such as informational and distributive justice, have been found to be significant and positively correlated with employee ethical behavior. Similarly, perceived managerial ethical leadership has a similar relationship to employee ethical behavior.
This study examines whether the interaction between perceived organizational justice and managerial ethical leadership influences employee performance. Furthermore, this study also analyzes the quality of both quantitative and qualitative data. Results show that ethical leadership significantly affects job performance. Compared with unethical leadership, ethical leadership leads to higher task performance, which may have a direct impact on organizational performance. Moreover, the correlation coefficients of POP and task performance are high.
As for the validity of the survey, a number of themes emerged in corporate responses. They included C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, and C7. For the qualitative data, these themes were tallied and semantic validity was performed.
In addition to the above-mentioned factors, the results of this study also point to an indirect effect of ethical leadership on employee ethical behavior. Interestingly, the confidence coefficients are high for both OCB and managers’ POP.
One possible way of reducing the impact of this indirect effect is to encourage the organizations to provide training programs that promote ethical leadership. Another potential moderator variable is the firm’s size, which may have an impact on both independent and dependent variables at the same time.
Value-action gap between individual values and collective outcomes
One of the biggest problems faced by marketers and brand managers is the value-action gap. This is where individual values are incompatible with collective outcomes. For example, a consumer may have a strong desire for a particular product or service but may actually be purchasing an alternative. The same applies to the way a company carries out business operations. As a result, brands must be smart about what they do and how they do it to achieve maximum effectiveness.
To identify the best path for the most profitable solutions, companies must first understand the behavior of their audience. Moreover, a brand must be able to distinguish between good and bad behavior by its management. Ultimately, it must be able to translate core human values into core business values. A brand may be able to improve the moral and financial standing of its employees while achieving a competitive edge. Having a code of ethics is one way to help ensure that all employees are treated fairly.
Another way to increase the odds of success is to find out what motivates your target consumers. For example, many consumers are aware that their purchases have a tangible impact on the environment. It is imperative that companies identify the true motivators that drive their customers’ purchase decisions. In turn, these businesses must be able to translate these guiding principles into actionable steps.
There is no silver bullet in this regard. However, the most important lesson to be learned from the data is that consumers have different expectations when it comes to buying and consuming products and services. Thus, a brand must be smart enough to craft an image that matches the wants and needs of its customers while being able to adapt to changing trends.
The key to success is to have a comprehensive strategy and set of objectives. These goals must be outlined in a well-defined and documented plan. Some important steps include: identifying the key motivators that drive customer purchase decisions, building brand identities and establishing a company culture that encourages ethical and transparent behaviors. Finally, a company must develop and maintain a clear, consistent and authentic brand identity.
Using a combination of data collection, analysis and interpretation, the authors identified two main findings. First, there was a small but significant value-action gap. That is, there were several instances in which individual values were incompatible with the collective outcomes of ethical leadership. Secondly, there was a modest but measurable correlation between the size of a company’s market capitalization and its ethical leadership performance. Moreover, there were numerous examples of organizations whose ethical leadership performance lags behind that of its competitors.
The study also found that the most efficient and cost effective method for closing the value-action gap was to build a brand identity that is authentic, compelling and aligned with consumers’ expectations. By defining a core set of values and implementing a solid code of ethics, companies will be able to better meet their business goals and achieve a competitive edge.
Relationships between leadership excellence and ethical attitudes
A recent study on the relationships between leadership excellence and ethical attitudes in Western countries has provided important insights into the ethical components of leadership. It also demonstrates that it is possible to generalize some of these concepts across different cultures. In particular, this study shows that organizational culture is a mediator between ethical leadership and employee readiness to change.
Ethical leadership is defined as a type of leadership that has the power to drive an organization’s performance and impact on its stakeholders. This means that ethical leaders should lead by example, and be clear about their expectations for themselves and others. As a result, it is important to create an ethical culture within an organization. The organizational culture may be shaped by a number of factors including rewards systems, performance assessments, and role modeling. For example, ethical leaders can help employees deal with uncertainty by modeling effective behaviors.
Several studies have examined the relationship between leadership and ethics, and have found that both are important. These include the relationship between ethical leadership and organizational culture, and the relationship between leadership and organizational effectiveness. Specifically, the relationship between leadership and organizational culture has been shown to be related to both business performance and the public’s perception of the company. However, research on the relationship between leadership and ethics is often limited to the Western context. Although there have been many studies in the United States and Europe, the Arab cultural context has been neglected.
A recent study on the relationship between leadership and ethics investigated the relationship between the organizational culture of effectiveness and employee readiness to change. Specifically, the study surveyed 357 employees of three of the largest public foreign trade organizations in Egypt. They were asked to complete questionnaires about their own readiness to change, the organizational culture of effectiveness, and other relevant topics.
The results of this study showed that the organizational culture of effectiveness was the primary mediator of the ethical leadership-employee readiness to change relationship. The relationship between the two measures remained strong even after controlling for the mediation effect. Furthermore, it is likely that this idea would be incorporated into an organizational culture of effectiveness model.
Another possible explanation for the relationship between leadership and organizational effectiveness is that it can promote a sense of shared values, trust, and reciprocity. This is a key component of social exchange theory, which states that individuals feel a sense of gratitude and personal obligation toward others. By promoting this behavior, ethical leaders can foster trust in others, which in turn, increases the likelihood of a positive employee response to change.
Although this study is only the first to explore this topic, it has shown that ethical leadership and the organizational culture of effectiveness have important relationships. Therefore, further research into the ramifications of these relationships is necessary.
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